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b. 1866 Buffalo, New York.  d. 05/08/1933 Youngstown, New York.


DATE OF MOH ACTION: 29/12/1890 Wounded Knee, South Dakota.


Frederick Toy was a career enlisted soldier, serving from 1883 to 1910. All of his enlisted terms of service ended with the expiration of his term of service and with character evaluations of "excellent." All of Toy's service was with Troop G, 7th Cavalry Regiment until he was promoted to ordnance sergeant.


Toy first enlisted on October 16, 1883 at Chicago, Illinois; his enlistment record reflects the given name of Frederick and his age as 21 (birth year 1861 or 1862). In April 1888, Toy was promoted from corporal to sergeant while assigned to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. On September 15, 1888, Toy was discharged as a sergeant at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.


Toy reenlisted on October 16, 1888 at Fort Riley, Kansas. He was among the cavalrymen ordered to capture Chief Big Foot. On December 29, 1890, troopers surrounded the Sioux camp on Wounded Knee Creek with the intention of arresting the Sioux chieftain and disarming his followers. Toy, a sergeant on the day of the battle, was commanded by Captain Winfield Scott Edgerly. Toy was one of twenty men awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions that day. Toy was cited for "bravery displayed while shooting hostile Indians;" It was changed on the final citation after being returned by the War Department. Captain Edgerly said Sergeant Toy did "deliberately aim at and hit two Indians who had run into the ravine." Toy was presented the medal in a public ceremony, which was featured in Harper's Weekly. He also attained the rank of first sergeant by the time his Medal of Honor was awarded on May 26, 1891. The appropriateness of the award of the Medal of Honor to Toy, as well as to the others awarded for Wounded Knee, was challenged more than 100 years later. Toy was discharged at Fort Clark, Texas.


In early November 1893, Toy and Alice Marrow (sic) were married in Junction City, Kansas; the Toys expected to proceed to Fort Clark, Texas. First Sergeant Toy reenlisted on November 15, 1893 at Fort Riley. First Sergeant Toy was discharged at Camp Forse, Alabama. On November 15, 1898, Toy reenlisted at Huntsville, Alabama. He was discharged at Columbia Barracks, Cuba.


Toy reenlisted on November 15, 1901 at Columbia Barracks. On June 4, 1903, Toy, who had been promoted from first sergeant to ordnance sergeant on June 2, 1903, was ordered to proceed from Camp George H. Thomas, Georgia to Fort Sheridan, Illinois. He was discharged as an ordnance sergeant while assigned to Fort Sheridan. Toy immediately reenlisted at Fort Sheridan on November 15, 1904. He was discharged, again as an ordnance sergeant, at Madison Barracks, New York. Toy reenlisted on November 15, 1907 as an ordnance sergeant at Madison Barracks. On October 13, 1908, the War Department ordered Toy, then at Madison Barracks, to report to Fort Niagara, New York for duty. In the 1910 U.S. Census, Toy is shown to be living at Fort Niagara while serving as an "O.S." in the U.S. Army. He retired from the Army on October 15, 1910 as an ordnance sergeant by authority of War Department Special Orders 239 dated October 12, 1910.


During World War I, Toy was among retired Regular Army personnel who were recalled to serve as trainers; he was commissioned as a captain in the Quartermaster Corps and assigned to the 303d Stevedore Regiment; he returned to his Niagara Falls, New York home on July 18, 1919 and anticipated mustering out of the U.S. Army during August 1919. He had served as a transportation quartermaster in Brest, France. He reverted to the rank of master sergeant after the war; a special act of Congress restored him to the rank of captain without increasing his retired pay.


After his military service, Toy was employed as the employment manager of the Aluminum Company of America and later as a lieutenant for the New York Central Railroad Company police. In December 1921, Toy was a candidate for chief of police of Niagara Falls. Toy was a member of Camp number 7 of the United Spanish War Veterans. He also joined the Niagara Frontier Chapter of the Military Order of the World War.




Bravery displayed while shooting hostile Indians



Section 7 Lot 186










Frederick Ernest Toy

toy grave