Victoria_Cross_of_canada

THE

 

TO THE VICTORIA & GEORGE CROSS

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE

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b. 19/10/1919 Shanghai, China. d. 21/04/1945 Rothenburg, Germany.

 

Born in Shanghai, he enlisted as a private in the King's Shropshire Light Infantry before being commissioned in the Coldstream Guards. Whilst stationed in London, he was involved with the reception of Rudolf Hess in the Tower of London who had been arrested in Scotland. His brother David having had a part in his capture.

 

Liddell was 25 years old, and a temporary captain in the 5th Battalion, Coldstream Guards, British Army during the Second World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

 

VC ACTION

 

In Germany, on 3 April 1945, Liddell was commanding a company of the Coldstream Guards, which was ordered to capture intact a bridge over the River Ems near Lingen. The bridge was covered on the far bank by an enemy strong point, which was subsequently discovered to consist of 150 entrenched infantry supported by three 8.8 cm and two 2 cm guns. The bridge was also prepared for demolition with 250 kg bombs, which could plainly be seen. Having directed his two leading platoons onto the near bank, Captain Liddell ran forward alone to the bridge and scaled the 3 m high road block guarding it, with the intention of neutralising the charges and taking the bridge intact. In order to achieve his object he had to cross the whole length of the bridge by himself under intense enemy fire, which increased as his object became apparent to the Germans. Having disconnected the charges on the far side, he re-crossed the bridge and cut the wires on the near side. It was necessary for him to kneel, forming an easy target, whilst he successively cut the wires. He then discovered that there were also charges underneath the bridge and completely undeterred he also disconnected these. His task completed he then climbed up on to the road-block in full view of the enemy and signalled his leading platoon to advance. Thus alone and unprotected, without cover, and under heavy enemy fire, he achieved his object. The bridge was captured intact and the way cleared for the advance across the River Ems.

 

He was killed in action near Rothenburg in Germany on 21 April 1945. He was shot by a sniper whose bullet killed another soldier going through his head and then into Liddell.

 

LOCATION OF MEDAL: COLDSTREAM GUARDS RHQ, LONDON.

BURIAL PLACE: BECKLINGEN WAR CEMETERY, SOLTAU, GERMANY.

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Ian Oswald Liddell VC

Becklingen War Cemetery

Cemetery Plan courtesy of Kevin Brazier

PLOT III, ROW D, GRAVE 13

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Ian Liddell's medals on display at the Coldstream Guards RHQ, London

(Picture - Thomas Stewart).

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