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b. 31/12/1889 Widdrington, Northumberland. d. 23/03/1943 Plymouth, Devon.


James Bulmer Johnson (1889-1943) was born in Widdrington, Northumberland, on December 31st 1889. His parents were William and Jane Johnson (nee Bulmer). In the 1891 Census, the family was listed as living at 12 Mitchell Street, Longbenton, Walker, Northumberland. By 1901, the family had moved to Walker Road, Byker, Newcastle upon Tyne, and James was now 17 and the oldest child at home. On the 1911 Census sadly his mother had passed away and James is listed as a 27-year-old engineer. When war broke out he was working as a clerk in the Newcastle Infirmary, and enlisted on 13th October 1914, joining the Northumberland Fusiliers.


Three and a half years later he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion on 29th May 1918. On 14th October 1918, south west of Wez Macquart, France, Second Lieutenant Johnson repelled frequent counter-attacks and for six hours, under heavy fire, he held back the enemy. When at length he was ordered to retire he was the last to leave the advanced position carrying a wounded man. Three times subsequently this officer returned and brought in badly wounded men under intense enemy machine-gun fire.


He was demobilized at the end of 1918, and in 1920 attended the VC Garden Party at Buckingham Palace. In May 1921, he was the victim of an assault while he was walking home one night and was sandbagged, and was robbed of 38 shillings. In September 1921 he relinquished his commission, and was now in the Royal Irish Constabulary with service number 2066 and was posted as a Temporary Cadet to “R” Company. Sadly, he was struck off the service as a deserter soon afterwards.


In 1929, he attended the VC Dinner at the House of Lords. In 1939, he became a Register Clerk at the Army Recruitment Office, and was now living in Plymouth, Devon. In July 1941, he started work with the temporary staff in the Plymouth City Treasurer’s Office and lived at 2, Salisbury Road, Plymouth. Sadly, James died less than two years later, in the City Hospital, Plymouth on 23rd March 1943, at the age of 53. At the time of his death, he was unmarried.


He was cremated at Efford Crematorium, Plymouth, and as with the wishes of his will, his VC was donated to the Northumberland Fusiliers Museum, Alnwick Castle.





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James Bulmer Johnson VC

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James Johnson's VC on display at the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers Museum.

(Picture - Thomas Stewart).

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Efford Crematorium, Plymouth Plaque placed in March 2015 (Picture kindly supplied by Carol Pollard)

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26th December 1918

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