Victoria_Cross_of_canada

THE

 

TO THE VICTORIA & GEORGE CROSS

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE

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b. 01/02/1906 Thant Hup Village, Nepal. d. 19/10/1968 Paklihawa, Nepal.

 

Lalbahadur Thapa (1906-1968) was born on 1st February 1906 in Thant Hup Village, Parbat District, Nepal, though sadly little is known about his early life before he enlisted with the 2nd King Edward VII’s Own Gurkha Rifles before the outbreak of World War II. He rose to the rank of Subedar (Captain) by the time of his VC action.

 

On the night of 5th-6th April, 1943, during the silent attack on the Rass-Ez-Zouai feature, Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa was second in command of D Company. The Commander of No. 16 Platoon was detached with one Section to secure an isolated feature on the left of the Company's objective. Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa took command of the remaining two Sections and led them forward towards the main feature on the outer ridge, in order to break through and secure the one and only passage by which the vital commanding feature could be seized to cover the penetration of the Division into the hills. On the capture of these hills the whole success of the Corps plan depended. First contact with the enemy was made at the foot of a pathway winding up a narrow cleft. This steep cleft was thickly studded with a series of enemy posts, the inner of which contained an anti-tank gun and the remainder medium machine-guns.

 

After passing through the narrow cleft, one emerges into a small arena with very steep sides, some 200 feet in height, and in places sheer cliff. Into this arena and down its sides numbers of automatic weapons were trained and mortar fire directed. The garrison of the outer posts were all killed by Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa and his men by kukri or bayonet in the first rush and the enemy then opened very heavy fire straight down the narrow enclosed pathway and steep arena sides. Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa led his men on and fought his way up the narrow gully straight through the enemy's fire, with little room to manoeuvre, in the face of intense and sustained machine-gun concentrations and the liberal use of grenades by the enemy. The next machine-gun posts were dealt with, Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa personally killing two men with his kukri and two more with his revolver. This Gurkha officer continued to fight his way up the narrow bulletswept approaches to the crest. He and two Riflemen managed to reach the crest, where Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa killed another two men with his kukri, the Riflemen killed two more and the rest fled. Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa then secured the whole feature and covered his Company's advance up the defile.

 

This pathway was found to be the only practicable route up the precipitous ridge, and by securing it the Company was able to deploy and mop up all enemy opposition on their objective. This objective was an essential feature covering the further advance of the Brigade and of 'the Division, as well as the bridgehead over the anti-tank ditch. There is no doubt that the capture of this objective was entirely due to this act of unsurpassed bravery by Subadar Lalbahadur Thapa and his small party in forcing their way up the steep gully, and up the cliffs of the arena under withering fire.

 

He was awarded the Victoria Cross on 15th June 1943, and would later rise to the rank of Subedar-Major, and was mentioned in despatches in September 1945 for his actions in Burma. Following the war, he returned to his native Nepal. He died on 19th October 1968 in Paklihawa Village, Nepal and was buried in the local cemetery. His medals including the VC, 1939-45 Star, Africa Star, Italy Star, Defence Medal 1939-45, War Medal 1939-45, King George VI Coronation Medal 1937, Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal 1953, Order of British India 1st Class and Nepal Tara 4th Class are held by The Gurkha Museum, Winchester, Hampshire.

 

LOCATION OF MEDAL: GURKHA MUSEUM, WINCHESTER, HAMPSHIRE.

BURIAL PLACE: PAKLIHAWA CEMETERY, PAKLIHAWA, NEPAL.

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Lalbahadur Thapa VC

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Lalbahadur Thapa VC (left) pictured with Bhanbhagta Gurung VC

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