Victoria_Cross_of_canada

THE

 

TO THE VICTORIA & GEORGE CROSS

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE

victoria_cross george cross scan0004

b. 14/12/1871 Toledo, Ohio.  d. 18/02/1949 Guthrie, Oklahoma.

 

DATE OF MOH ACTION: 21/07 - 17/08/1900 Peking, China.

 

Upham was born December 14, 1871, in Toledo, Ohio, and enlisted into the Marine Corps in 1896 at the age of 25 before the start of the Spanish–American War. He was sent to Mare island, California, and after being there for a year was ordered to sea duty aboard the USS Oregon. When the Spanish fleet tried to escape from the harbor at Santiago, Cuba, on July 3, 1898, he was serving as a powder monkey for one of the six-inch guns on the Oregon's bridge; he was given the order to shoot, and Upham is credited as shooting the first shot which began the Spanish–American War.

 

During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, he and his fellow Marines were erecting barricades in Peking, China, when the Chinese rebels surrounded the group and settled down for a three-month siege. A quotation from his diary, kept during the siege, reads: "We are holding out no hope for rescue and many do not give rescue a second thought." He was awarded the Medal of Honor for this action — one of 33 Marines to win that award during the rebellion. He received the Medal of Honor for his action in Peking, China from on July 21-August 17, 1900.

 

MOH CITATION:

 

In the presence of the enemy at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Although under a heavy fire from the enemy during this period, Upham assisted in the erection of barricades.

 

BURIAL LOCATION: SUMMIT VIEW CEMETERY, GUTHRIE, OKLAHOMA.

Section 1, Block 32, Lot 52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NO IMAGE AVAILABLE

Oscar Jefferson Upham

upham upham grave