Victoria_Cross_of_canada

THE

 

TO THE VICTORIA & GEORGE CROSS

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE

victoria_cross george cross scan0004

b. 18/06/1894 Carrieton, Australia. d. 11/10/1983 on a flight between Dubai and Hong Kong.

 

Thomas Leslie “Jack” Axford (1894-1983) was born on 18th June 1894 at Carrieton, South Australia, son of Walter Richard Axford, an auctioneer from Tasmania, and his South Australian-born wife Margaret Ann, née McQuillan. The family moved to Coolgardie, Western Australia, when he was 2. Educated at the local state school, he worked as a labourer for the Boulder City Brewery Co. Ltd. On 19th July 1915 he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force. Five ft 7¼ ins (171 cm) tall, with grey eyes, black hair and a dark complexion, he gave his religious denomination as Catholic. He arrived in the Middle East too late to serve at Gallipoli and in March 1916 joined the 16th Battalion at Tel el Kebir, Egypt.

 

Reaching France in June 1916, the battalion attacked towards Mouquet Farm, near Pozières, on 9th August. Axford was evacuated with shell-shock on the 11th, but he quickly rejoined his unit. A year later, on 10th August 1917, he suffered a shrapnel wound to his left knee at Gapaard Farm, Belgium. After treatment in hospital in England, he returned to his unit in January 1918 and next month was promoted to lance corporal. In March-April the 16th Battalion, as part of the 4th Brigade, stopped the German offensive at Hébuterne, France. Axford was awarded the Military Medal in May.

 

His most conspicuous hour came on 4th July 1918 at the battle of Hamel. The Allied barrage opened at 3.10 a.m. and when it lifted shortly afterwards the 16th Battalion attacked Vaire Wood. Axford’s platoon reached the enemy defences but a neighbouring platoon was held up at the wire. Machine-guns inflicted many casualties among Axford’s mates in the other platoon. He dashed to the flank, bombed the machine-gun crews, jumped into the trench and charged with his bayonet. In all, he killed ten enemy soldiers and captured six. Throwing the machine-guns over the parapet, he called the delayed platoon forward and then rejoined his own. In ninety-three minutes the victory of Hamel was complete. Axford’s initiative and gallantry earned him the Victoria Cross. `I must have been mad’, he commented later. On 14th July he was promoted to corporal.

 

In December 1918 Axford came home to Australia on furlough. Discharged from the army on 6th February 1919, he recommenced work as a labourer. At St Mary’s Cathedral, Perth, on 27th November 1926 he married Lily Maud Foster, a shop assistant. They lived at Mount Hawthorn and had five children. Axford was employed by Hugh McKay (Massey Harris) Pty Ltd and became a clerk. On 25th June 1941 he was mobilised in the Militia and posted to the District Records Office, Perth. Rising to sergeant in February 1943, he was discharged on 14th April 1947. In his leisure time `Jack’ regularly attended the races.

 

Axford attended the VC centenary celebrations in Hyde Park, London in 1956. He was returning from a reunion of the Victoria Cross and George Cross Association when he died on 11th October 1983 on an aircraft between Dubai and Hong Kong. His wife had died three months earlier. Survived by their two sons and three daughters, he was cremated with full military honours at Karrakatta Crematorium, Perth, Western Australia. In 1985 his VC and other medals were presented to the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

 

LOCATION OF MEDAL: AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT, AUSTRALIA.

BURIAL PLACE: KARRAKATTA CREMATORIUM, PERTH, WESTERN AUSTRALIA.

axford axford grave

Axford's medals courtesy of Memorials to Valour

Karrakatta Cemetery, Australia

Cemetery Plan courtesy of Kevin Brazier

ASHES INTERRED PORTION M, ROW C, NICHE 1

Thomas Leslie "Jack"

Axford VC, MM

axford memorial axford papers axford 1 axford 2

17th August 1918

axford axford nma

NMA

axford vc perth

King's Park, Perth (Gary Richardson)

karrakatta cemetery perth axford le hamel

Le Hamel Memorial

axford garden of remembrance karrakatta ry

Karrakatta Crematorium, Perth (Richard Yielding)

AXFORD KALGOORLIE WA RY

Kalgoorlie, Western Australia (Richard Yielding)